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Healthcare in Pakistan
 
 
 

Pakistan’s health indicators, health funding, and health and sanitation infrastructure are generally poor, particularly in rural areas. About 19 percent of the population is malnourished – a higher rate than the 17% average for developing countries – and 30% of children under age five are malnourished. Leading causes of sickness and death include gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, congenital abnormalities, tuberculosis, malaria, and typhoid fever. The United Nations estimates that in 2003 Pakistan’s human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence rate was 0.1% among those 15-49, with an estimated 4,900 deaths from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a major health concern, and both the government and religious community are engaging in efforts to reduce its spread.

In 2003 there were 68 physicians for every 100,000 persons in Pakistan. According to 2002 government statistics, there were 12,501 health institutions nationwide, including 4,590 dispensaries, 906 hospitals with a total of 80,665 hospital beds, and 550 rural health centres with a total of 8,840 beds. According to the World Health Organisation, Pakistan’s total health expenditures amounted to 3.9% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2001, and per capita health expenditures were $16. The government provided 24.4% of total health expenditures, with the remainder being entirely private, out-of-pocket expenses.

 

 
 

 



 


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