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Transportation in Pakistan
 
 
 

General

Railways are a major carrier of passenger and freight traffic. In 2007, Pakistan Railways operated 7,791 km of broad and narrow gauge track. Of that total, broad gauge lines predominate with 7,479 km, of which 293 km are electrified.

In 2007, Pakistan's road system totalled 260,760 km of roads, of which 180,910 km were paved, including 711 km of expressways. The 800-km Karakoram highway, built jointly by Pakistan and China to connect Islamabad with western China, was opened in 1979. In November, 1997, the Lahore-Islamabad motorway was opened for traffic. There were 390,480 passenger cars and 396,225 commercial vehicles in use in 2003. The road network carries 85% of all goods and passengers moving within the country.

The harbour of Karachi, which provides Pakistan with its major port, covers an area of 6.5 km² and handles over 10.5 million tons annually. Port Muhammad bin Qasim, 22 km south of Karachi, was developed during the 1970s to help handle the increased shipping traffic. As of 2010, Pakistan's merchant marine operated 11 ocean-going vessels of 1,000 GRT or more.

Pakistan had an estimated 151 airports in 2012, of which 107 had paved runways; there were also 24 heliports. Karachi Jinnah International Airport is the main international terminus. As of June 2004, along with the government-run Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), two private carriers, airblue and Shaheen Air, were operating on domestic as well as flights to Europe, the United States and the Far East. In 2003, about 4.477 million passengers were carried in scheduled domestic and international flights.

Overview

Airports : 151 (2012)
Airports - with paved runways : total: 107
over 3,047 m: 15
2,438 to 3,047 m: 20
1,524 to 2,437 m: 42
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 10 (2012)
Airports - with unpaved runways

: total: 44
1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
914 to 1,523 m: 9
under 914 m: 24 (2012)
Heliports

: 24 (2012)
Pipelines : gas 10,514 km; oil 2,013 km; refined products 787 km (2010)
Railways : total: 7,791 km
broad gauge: 7,479 km 1.676-m gauge (293 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 312 km 1.000-m gauge (2007)
Roadways : total: 260,760 km
paved: 180,910 km (includes 711 km of expressways)
unpaved: 79,850 km (2007)
Merchant marine
: total: 11
by type: bulk carrier 5, cargo 3, petroleum tanker 3
registered in other countries: 11 (Comoros 5, Marshall Islands 1, Moldova 1, Panama 3, Saint Kitts & Nevis 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals : Karachi, Port Muhammad bin Qasim
 

 
 

 



 


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